Bibliography: Qing – Opium Wars
Fay, Peter Ward. The Opium War, 1840-1842: Barbarians in the Celestial Empire in the Early Part of the Nineteenth Century and the War by Which They Forced Her Gates Ajar. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1975.
Polachek, James M. The Inner Opium War. Cambridge, Mass.: Council on East Asian Studies/Harvard University, 1992.
Wakeman, Frederic E. Strangers at the Gate: Social Disorder in South China, 1839-1861. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966.
Waley, Arthur. The Opium War through Chinese Eyes. London: Allen & Unwin, 1958.
Wong, J. Y. Deadly Dreams: Opium, Imperialism, and the Arrow War (1856-1860) in China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.