Sources: Chinese-Chinese Dictionaries
Taiwan Shangwu Yinshuguan. Ciyuan, daluban. 辭源, 大陸版 (1979).
Classical Chinese –> Modern Chinese. 12,890 characters; 84,134 compounds. Gives many examples from historical documents and good proper name identification. Characters arranged by Kangxi standard radical + stroke order. Indicates pronunciation of the main character, but not of subsequent characters in the compounds, which is troublesome when characters have multiple pronunciations. There are many available versions of this dictionary, the compilation of which began in 1908. PRC versions, based on the 1915 and 1931, first appeared in 1964, and seek to reflect Chinese usage before the Opium War and the introduction of modern neologisms. Another version is:
Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Henan ciyuan xiudingzu and Shangwu yinshuguan, eds. Ciyuan (xiudingben). 辞源(修订本). Beijing: Shangwu yinshuguan, 1988.
In addition to above, includes four-corner and pinyin indexes at back of volume.
Cihai bianji weiyuanhui. Cihai. 辭海. Xianggang Shanghai: Zhonghua shuju (Xianggang) yu xiangongsi, 1989.
This is an easy-to-use encyclopedia, organized by radicals but also containing a pinyin index. Includes much modern scientific terminology. Three volumes.
Xinhua zidian. 新华字典. Beijing: Shangwu yinshuguan, 1987.
A handy little pocket dictionary, useful for accurate pronunciation guide and conversation of simplified to complex characters. Arranged by pinyin pronunciation with (simplified character) radical index in front.